[edit]

# Implicit kernel meta-learning using kernel integral forms

*Proceedings of the Thirty-Eighth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence*, PMLR 180:652-662, 2022.

#### Abstract

Meta-learning algorithms have made significant progress in the context of meta-learning for image classification but less attention has been given to the regression setting. In this paper we propose to learn the probability distribution representing a random feature kernel that we wish to use within kernel ridge regression (KRR). We introduce two instances of this meta-learning framework, learning a neural network pushforward for a translation-invariant kernel and an affine pushforward for a neural network random feature kernel, both mapping from a Gaussian latent distribution. We learn the parameters of the pushforward by minimizing a meta-loss associated to the KRR objective. Since the resulting kernel does not admit an analytical form, we adopt a random feature sampling approach to approximate it. We call the resulting method Implicit Kernel Meta-Learning (IKML). We derive a meta-learning bound for IKML, which shows the role played by the number of tasks $T$, the task sample size $n$, and the number of random features $M$. In particular the bound implies that $M$ can be the chosen independently of $T$ and only mildly dependent on $n$. We introduce one synthetic and two real-world meta-learning regression benchmark datasets. Experiments on these datasets show that IKML