Stochastic and Private Nonconvex Outlier-Robust PCAs
Proceedings of Mathematical and Scientific Machine Learning, PMLR 190:173-188, 2022.
We develop theoretically guaranteed stochastic methods for outlier-robust PCA. Outlier-robust PCA seeks an underlying low-dimensional linear subspace from a dataset that is corrupted with outliers. We are able to show that our methods, which involve stochastic geodesic gradient descent over the Grassmannian manifold, converge and recover an underlying subspace in various regimes through the development of a novel convergence analysis. The main application of this method is an effective differentially private algorithm for outlier-robust PCA that uses a Gaussian noise mechanism within the stochastic gradient method. Our results emphasize the advantages of the nonconvex methods over another convex approach to solving this problem in the differentially private setting. Experiments on synthetic and stylized data verify these results.