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# Algorithmically Effective Differentially Private Synthetic Data

*Proceedings of Thirty Sixth Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 195:3941-3968, 2023.

#### Abstract

We present a highly effective algorithmic approach for generating $\varepsilon$-differentially private synthetic data in a bounded metric space with near-optimal utility guarantees under the 1-Wasserstein distance. In particular, for a dataset $\mathcal X$ in the hypercube $[0,1]^d$, our algorithm generates synthetic dataset $\mathcal Y$ such that the expected 1-Wasserstein distance between the empirical measure of $\mathcal X$ and $\mathcal Y$ is $O((\varepsilon n)^{-1/d})$ for $d\geq 2$, and is $O(\log^2(\varepsilon n)(\varepsilon n)^{-1})$ for $d=1$. The accuracy guarantee is optimal up to a constant factor for $d\geq 2$, and up to a logarithmic factor for $d=1$. Our algorithm has a fast running time of $O(\varepsilon d n)$ for all $d\geq 1$ and demonstrates improved accuracy compared to the method in Boedihardjo et al. (2022) for $d\geq 2$.