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# On a Class of Gibbs Sampling over Networks

*Proceedings of Thirty Sixth Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 195:5754-5780, 2023.

#### Abstract

We consider the sampling problem from a composite distribution whose potential (negative log density) is $\sum_{i=1}^n f_i(x_i)+\sum_{j=1}^m g_j(y_j)+\sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^m\nicefrac{\sigma_{ij}}{2\eta} \Vert x_i-y_j \Vert^2_2$ where each of $x_i$ and $y_j$ is in $\Rd$, $f_1, f_2, \ldots, f_n, g_1, g_2, \ldots, g_m$ are strongly convex functions, and $\{\sigma_{ij}\}$ encodes a network structure. Building on the Gibbs sampling method, we develop an efficient sampling framework for this problem when the network is a bipartite graph. More importantly, we establish a non-asymptotic linear convergence rate for it. This work extends earlier works that involve only a graph with two nodes \cite{lee2021structured}. To the best of our knowledge, our result represents the first non-asymptotic analysis of a Gibbs sampler for structured log-concave distributions over networks.Our framework can be potentially used to sample from the distribution $ \propto \exp[-\sum_{i=1}^n f_i(x)-\sum_{j=1}^m g_j(x)]$ in a distributed manner.