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# Large-Margin Classification in Banach Spaces

*Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 2:91-98, 2007.

#### Abstract

We propose a framework for dealing with binary hard-margin classification in Banach spaces, centering on the use of a supporting semi-inner-product (s.i.p.) taking the place of an inner-product in Hilbert spaces. The theory of semi-inner-product spaces allows for a geometric, Hilbert-like formulation of the problems, and we show that a surprising number of results from the Euclidean case can be appropriately generalised. These include the Representer theorem, convexity of the associated optimization programs, and even, for a particular class of Banach spaces, a “kernel trick” for non-linear classification.