Bidirectional Looking with A Novel Double Exponential Moving Average to Adaptive and Non-adaptive Momentum Optimizers
Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 202:4764-4803, 2023.
Optimizer is an essential component for the success of deep learning, which guides the neural network to update the parameters according to the loss on the training set. SGD and Adam are two classical and effective optimizers on which researchers have proposed many variants, such as SGDM and RAdam. In this paper, we innovatively combine the backward-looking and forward-looking aspects of the optimizer algorithm and propose a novel Admeta (A Double exponential Moving averagE To Adaptive and non-adaptive momentum) optimizer framework. For backward-looking part, we propose a DEMA variant scheme, which is motivated by a metric in the stock market, to replace the common exponential moving average scheme. While in the forward-looking part, we present a dynamic lookahead strategy which asymptotically approaches a set value, maintaining its speed at early stage and high convergence performance at final stage. Based on this idea, we provide two optimizer implementations, AdmetaR and AdmetaS, the former based on RAdam and the latter based on SGDM. Through extensive experiments on diverse tasks, we find that the proposed Admeta optimizer outperforms our base optimizers and shows advantages over recently proposed competitive optimizers. We also provide theoretical proof of these two algorithms, which verifies the convergence of our proposed Admeta.