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# Solving Linear Programs with Fast Online Learning Algorithms

*Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 202:10649-10675, 2023.

#### Abstract

This paper presents fast first-order methods for solving linear programs (LPs) approximately. We adapt online linear programming algorithms to offline LPs and obtain algorithms that avoid any matrix multiplication. We also introduce a variable-duplication technique that copies each variable $K$ times and reduces the optimality gap and constraint violation by a factor of $\sqrt{K}$. Furthermore, we show how online algorithms can be effectively integrated into sifting, a column generation scheme for large-scale LPs. Numerical experiments demonstrate that our methods can serve as either an approximate direct solver, or an initialization subroutine for exact LP solving.