TabDDPM: Modelling Tabular Data with Diffusion Models
Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 202:17564-17579, 2023.
Denoising diffusion probabilistic models are becoming the leading generative modeling paradigm for many important data modalities. Being the most prevalent in the computer vision community, diffusion models have recently gained some attention in other domains, including speech, NLP, and graph-like data. In this work, we investigate if the framework of diffusion models can be advantageous for general tabular problems, where data points are typically represented by vectors of heterogeneous features. The inherent heterogeneity of tabular data makes it quite challenging for accurate modeling since the individual features can be of a completely different nature, i.e., some of them can be continuous and some can be discrete. To address such data types, we introduce TabDDPM — a diffusion model that can be universally applied to any tabular dataset and handles any feature types. We extensively evaluate TabDDPM on a wide set of benchmarks and demonstrate its superiority over existing GAN/VAE alternatives, which is consistent with the advantage of diffusion models in other fields.