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# Accelerated Infeasibility Detection of Constrained Optimization and Fixed-Point Iterations

*Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 202:27294-27345, 2023.

#### Abstract

As first-order optimization methods become the method of choice for solving large-scale optimization problems, optimization solvers based on first-order algorithms are being built. Such general-purpose solvers must robustly detect infeasible or misspecified problem instances, but the computational complexity of first-order methods for doing so has yet to be formally studied. In this work, we characterize the optimal accelerated rate of infeasibility detection. We show that the standard fixed-point iteration achieves a $\mathcal{O}(1/k^2)$ and $\mathcal{O}(1/k)$ rates, respectively, on the normalized iterates and the fixed-point residual converging to the infimal displacement vector, while the accelerated fixed-point iteration achieves $\mathcal{O}(1/k^2)$ and $\tilde{\mathcal{O}}(1/k^2)$ rates. We then provide a matching complexity lower bound to establish that $\Theta(1/k^2)$ is indeed the optimal accelerated rate.