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# Provable Data Subset Selection For Efficient Neural Networks Training

*Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 202:34533-34555, 2023.

#### Abstract

Radial basis function neural networks (

*RBFNN*) are well-known for their capability to approximate any continuous function on a closed bounded set with arbitrary precision given enough hidden neurons. In this paper, we introduce the first algorithm to construct coresets for*RBFNNs*, i.e., small weighted subsets that approximate the loss of the input data on any radial basis function network and thus approximate any function defined by an*RBFNN*on the larger input data. In particular, we construct coresets for radial basis and Laplacian loss functions. We then use our coresets to obtain a provable data subset selection algorithm for training deep neural networks. Since our coresets approximate every function, they also approximate the gradient of each weight in a neural network, which is a particular function on the input. We then perform empirical evaluations on function approximation and dataset subset selection on popular network architectures and data sets, demonstrating the efficacy and accuracy of our coreset construction.