On-Demand Communication for Asynchronous Multi-Agent Bandits
Proceedings of The 26th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 206:3903-3930, 2023.
This paper studies a cooperative multi-agent multi-armed stochastic bandit problem where agents operate asynchronously – agent pull times and rates are unknown, irregular, and heterogeneous – and face the same instance of a K-armed bandit problem. Agents can share reward information to speed up the learning process at additional communication costs. We propose ODC, an on-demand communication protocol that tailors the communication of each pair of agents based on their empirical pull times. ODC is efficient when the pull times of agents are highly heterogeneous, and its communication complexity depends on the empirical pull times of agents. ODC is a generic protocol that can be integrated into most cooperative bandit algorithms without degrading their performance. We then incorporate ODC into the natural extensions of UCB and AAE algorithms and propose two communication-efficient cooperative algorithms. Our analysis shows that both algorithms are near-optimal in regret.