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# Thresholded linear bandits

*Proceedings of The 26th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 206:6968-7020, 2023.

#### Abstract

We introduce the thresholded linear bandit problem, a novel sequential decision making problem at the interface of structured stochastic multi-armed bandits and learning halfspaces. The set of arms is $[0, 1]^d$, the expected Bernoulli reward is piecewise constant with a jump at a separating hyperplane, and each arm is associated with a cost that is a positive linear combination of the arm’s components. This problem is motivated by several practical applications. For instance, imagine tuning the continuous features of an offer to a consumer; higher values incur higher cost to the vendor but result in a more attractive offer. At some threshold, the offer is attractive enough for a random consumer to accept at the higher probability level. For the one-dimensional case, we present Leftist, which enjoys $\log^2 T$ problem-dependent regret in favorable cases and has $\log(T) \sqrt{T}$ worst-case regret; we also give a lower bound suggesting this is unimprovable. We then present MD-Leftist, our extension of Leftist to the multi-dimensional case, which obtains similar regret bounds but with $d^{2.5} \log d$ and $d^{1.5} \log d$ dependence on dimension for the two types of bounds respectively. Finally, we experimentally evaluate Leftist.