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# An Online and Unified Algorithm for Projection Matrix Vector Multiplication with Application to Empirical Risk Minimization

*Proceedings of The 26th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 206:101-156, 2023.

#### Abstract

Online matrix vector multiplication is a fundamental step and bottleneck in many machine learning algorithms. It is defined as follows: given a matrix at the pre-processing phase, at each iteration one receives a query vector and needs to form the matrix-vector product (approximately) before observing the next vector. In this work, we study a particular instance of such problem called the online projection matrix vector multiplication. Via a reduction, we show it suffices to solve the inverse maintenance problem. Additionally, our framework supports dimensionality reduction to speed up the computation that approximates the matrix-vector product with an optimization-friendly error guarantee. Moreover, our unified approach can handle both data-oblivious sketching and data-dependent sampling. Finally, we demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework by speeding up the empirical risk minimization solver.