Can Learning Deteriorate Control? Analyzing Computational Delays in Gaussian Process-Based Event-Triggered Online Learning
Proceedings of The 5th Annual Learning for Dynamics and Control Conference, PMLR 211:445-457, 2023.
When the dynamics of systems are unknown, supervised machine learning techniques are commonly employed to infer models from data. Gaussian process (GP) regression is a particularly popular learning method for this purpose due to the existence of prediction error bounds. Moreover, GP models can be efficiently updated online, such that event-triggered online learning strategies can be pursued to ensure specified tracking accuracies. However, existing trigger conditions must be able to be evaluated at arbitrary times, which cannot be achieved in practice due to non-negligible computation times. Therefore, we first derive a delay-aware tracking error bound, which reveals an accuracy-delay trade-off. Based on this result, we propose a novel event trigger for GP-based online learning with computational delays, which we show to offer advantages over offline trained GP models for sufficiently small computation times. Finally, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed event trigger for online learning in simulations.