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# Sample Complexity Bound for Evaluating the Robust Observer’s Performance under Coprime Factors Uncertainty

*Proceedings of The 5th Annual Learning for Dynamics and Control Conference*, PMLR 211:196-207, 2023.

#### Abstract

This paper addresses the end-to-end sample complexity bound for learning in closed loop the state estimator-based robust H2 controller for an unknown (possibly unstable) Linear Time Invariant (LTI) system, when given a fixed state-feedback gain. We build on the results from Ding et al. (1994) to bridge the gap between the parameterization of all state-estimators and the celebrated Youla parameterization. Refitting the expression of the relevant closed loop allows for the optimal linear observer problem given a fixed state feedback gain to be recast as a convex problem in the Youla parameter. The robust synthesis procedure is performed by considering bounded additive model uncertainty on the coprime factors of the plant, such that a min-max optimization problem is formulated for the robust H2 controller via an observer approach. The closed-loop identification scheme follows Zhang et al. (2021), where the nominal model of the true plant is identified by constructing a Hankel-like matrix from a single time-series of noisy, finite length input-output data by using the ordinary least squares algorithm from Sarkar et al. (2020). Finally, a H∞ bound on the estimated model error is provided, as the robust synthesis procedure requires bounded additive uncertainty on the coprime factors of the model. Reference Zhang et al. (2022b) is the extended version of this paper.