[edit]

# On Convergence of Incremental Gradient for Non-convex Smooth Functions

*Proceedings of the 41st International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 235:25058-25086, 2024.

#### Abstract

In machine learning and neural network optimization, algorithms like incremental gradient, single shuffle SGD, and random reshuffle SGD are popular due to their cache-mismatch efficiency and good practical convergence behavior. However, their optimization properties in theory, especially for non-convex smooth functions, remain incompletely explored. This paper delves into the convergence properties of SGD algorithms with arbitrary data ordering, within a broad framework for non-convex smooth functions. Our findings show enhanced convergence guarantees for incremental gradient and single shuffle SGD. Particularly if $n$ is the training set size, we improve $n$ times the optimization term of convergence guarantee to reach accuracy $\epsilon$ from $O \left( \frac{n}{\epsilon} \right)$ to $O \left( \frac{1}{\epsilon}\right)$.