Belief propagation, robust reconstruction and optimal recovery of block models
; Proceedings of The 27th Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 35:356-370, 2014.
We consider the problem of reconstructing sparse symmetric block models with two blocks and connection probabilities a/n and b/n for inter- and intra-block edge probabilities respectively. It was recently shown that one can do better than a random guess if and only if (a-b)^2 > 2(a+b). Using a variant of Belief Propagation, we give a reconstruction algorithm that is \emphoptimal in the sense that if (a-b)^2 > C (a+b) for some constant C then our algorithm maximizes the fraction of the nodes labelled correctly. Along the way we prove some results of independent interest regarding \em robust reconstruction for the Ising model on regular and Poisson trees.