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# Learning Low Density Separators

*Proceedings of the Twelth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 5:25-32, 2009.

#### Abstract

We define a novel, basic, unsupervised learning problem - learning the lowest density homogeneous hyperplane separator of an unknown probability distribution. This task is relevant to several problems in machine learning, such as semi-supervised learning and clustering stability. We investigate the question of existence of a universally consistent algorithm for this problem. We propose two natural learning paradigms and prove that, on input unlabeled random samples generated by any member of a rich family of distributions, they are guaranteed to converge to the optimal separator for that distribution. We complement this result by showing that no learning algorithm for our task can achieve uniform learning rates (that are independent of the data generating distribution).