Efficient active learning of sparse halfspaces

Chicheng Zhang
Proceedings of the 31st Conference On Learning Theory, PMLR 75:1856-1880, 2018.

Abstract

We study the problem of efficient PAC active learning of homogeneous linear classifiers (halfspaces) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, where the goal is to learn a halfspace with low error using as few label queries as possible. Under the extra assumption that there is a $t$-sparse halfspace that performs well on the data ($t \ll d$), we would like our active learning algorithm to be {\em attribute efficient}, i.e. to have label requirements sublinear in $d$. In this paper, we provide a computationally efficient algorithm that achieves this goal. Under certain distributional assumptions on the data, our algorithm achieves a label complexity of $O(t \cdot \mathrm{polylog}(d, \frac 1 \epsilon))$. In contrast, existing algorithms in this setting are either computationally inefficient, or subject to label requirements polynomial in $d$ or $\frac 1 \epsilon$.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v75-zhang18b, title = {Efficient active learning of sparse halfspaces}, author = {Zhang, Chicheng}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 31st Conference On Learning Theory}, pages = {1856--1880}, year = {2018}, editor = {Bubeck, S├ębastien and Perchet, Vianney and Rigollet, Philippe}, volume = {75}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {06--09 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v75/zhang18b/zhang18b.pdf}, url = {https://proceedings.mlr.press/v75/zhang18b.html}, abstract = {We study the problem of efficient PAC active learning of homogeneous linear classifiers (halfspaces) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, where the goal is to learn a halfspace with low error using as few label queries as possible. Under the extra assumption that there is a $t$-sparse halfspace that performs well on the data ($t \ll d$), we would like our active learning algorithm to be {\em attribute efficient}, i.e. to have label requirements sublinear in $d$. In this paper, we provide a computationally efficient algorithm that achieves this goal. Under certain distributional assumptions on the data, our algorithm achieves a label complexity of $O(t \cdot \mathrm{polylog}(d, \frac 1 \epsilon))$. In contrast, existing algorithms in this setting are either computationally inefficient, or subject to label requirements polynomial in $d$ or $\frac 1 \epsilon$.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Efficient active learning of sparse halfspaces %A Chicheng Zhang %B Proceedings of the 31st Conference On Learning Theory %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2018 %E S├ębastien Bubeck %E Vianney Perchet %E Philippe Rigollet %F pmlr-v75-zhang18b %I PMLR %P 1856--1880 %U https://proceedings.mlr.press/v75/zhang18b.html %V 75 %X We study the problem of efficient PAC active learning of homogeneous linear classifiers (halfspaces) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, where the goal is to learn a halfspace with low error using as few label queries as possible. Under the extra assumption that there is a $t$-sparse halfspace that performs well on the data ($t \ll d$), we would like our active learning algorithm to be {\em attribute efficient}, i.e. to have label requirements sublinear in $d$. In this paper, we provide a computationally efficient algorithm that achieves this goal. Under certain distributional assumptions on the data, our algorithm achieves a label complexity of $O(t \cdot \mathrm{polylog}(d, \frac 1 \epsilon))$. In contrast, existing algorithms in this setting are either computationally inefficient, or subject to label requirements polynomial in $d$ or $\frac 1 \epsilon$.
APA
Zhang, C.. (2018). Efficient active learning of sparse halfspaces. Proceedings of the 31st Conference On Learning Theory, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 75:1856-1880 Available from https://proceedings.mlr.press/v75/zhang18b.html.

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