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# Reducing Label Complexity by Learning From Bags

*Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 9:685-692, 2010.

#### Abstract

We consider a supervised learning setting in which the main cost of learning is the number of training labels and one can obtain a single label for a bag of examples, indicating only if a positive example exists in the bag, as in Multi-Instance Learning. We thus propose to create a training sample of bags, and to use the obtained labels to learn to classify individual examples. We provide a theoretical analysis showing how to select the bag size as a function of the problem parameters, and prove that if the original labels are distributed unevenly, the number of required labels drops considerably when learning from bags. We demonstrate that finding a low-error separating hyperplane from bags is feasible in this setting using a simple iterative procedure similar to latent SVM. Experiments on synthetic and real data sets demonstrate the success of the approach.