Ordered SGD: A New Stochastic Optimization Framework for Empirical Risk Minimization

Kenji Kawaguchi, Haihao Lu
Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 108:669-679, 2020.

Abstract

We propose a new stochastic optimization framework for empirical risk minimization problems such as those that arise in machine learning. The traditional approaches, such as (mini-batch) stochastic gradient descent (SGD), utilize an unbiased gradient estimator of the empirical average loss. In contrast, we develop a computationally efficient method to construct a gradient estimator that is purposely biased toward those observations with higher current losses. On the theory side, we show that the proposed method minimizes a new ordered modification of the empirical average loss, and is guaranteed to converge at a sublinear rate to a global optimum for convex loss and to a critical point for weakly convex (non-convex) loss. Furthermore, we prove a new generalization bound for the proposed algorithm. On the empirical side, the numerical experiments show that our proposed method consistently improves the test errors compared with the standard mini-batch SGD in various models including SVM, logistic regression, and deep learning problems.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v108-kawaguchi20a, title = {Ordered SGD: A New Stochastic Optimization Framework for Empirical Risk Minimization}, author = {Kawaguchi, Kenji and Lu, Haihao}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics}, pages = {669--679}, year = {2020}, editor = {Silvia Chiappa and Roberto Calandra}, volume = {108}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {26--28 Aug}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/kawaguchi20a/kawaguchi20a.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/kawaguchi20a.html }, abstract = {We propose a new stochastic optimization framework for empirical risk minimization problems such as those that arise in machine learning. The traditional approaches, such as (mini-batch) stochastic gradient descent (SGD), utilize an unbiased gradient estimator of the empirical average loss. In contrast, we develop a computationally efficient method to construct a gradient estimator that is purposely biased toward those observations with higher current losses. On the theory side, we show that the proposed method minimizes a new ordered modification of the empirical average loss, and is guaranteed to converge at a sublinear rate to a global optimum for convex loss and to a critical point for weakly convex (non-convex) loss. Furthermore, we prove a new generalization bound for the proposed algorithm. On the empirical side, the numerical experiments show that our proposed method consistently improves the test errors compared with the standard mini-batch SGD in various models including SVM, logistic regression, and deep learning problems.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Ordered SGD: A New Stochastic Optimization Framework for Empirical Risk Minimization %A Kenji Kawaguchi %A Haihao Lu %B Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Silvia Chiappa %E Roberto Calandra %F pmlr-v108-kawaguchi20a %I PMLR %P 669--679 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/kawaguchi20a.html %V 108 %X We propose a new stochastic optimization framework for empirical risk minimization problems such as those that arise in machine learning. The traditional approaches, such as (mini-batch) stochastic gradient descent (SGD), utilize an unbiased gradient estimator of the empirical average loss. In contrast, we develop a computationally efficient method to construct a gradient estimator that is purposely biased toward those observations with higher current losses. On the theory side, we show that the proposed method minimizes a new ordered modification of the empirical average loss, and is guaranteed to converge at a sublinear rate to a global optimum for convex loss and to a critical point for weakly convex (non-convex) loss. Furthermore, we prove a new generalization bound for the proposed algorithm. On the empirical side, the numerical experiments show that our proposed method consistently improves the test errors compared with the standard mini-batch SGD in various models including SVM, logistic regression, and deep learning problems.
APA
Kawaguchi, K. & Lu, H.. (2020). Ordered SGD: A New Stochastic Optimization Framework for Empirical Risk Minimization. Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 108:669-679 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/kawaguchi20a.html .

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