Ensemble Gaussian Processes with Spectral Features for Online Interactive Learning with Scalability

Qin Lu, Georgios Karanikolas, Yanning Shen, Georgios B. Giannakis
Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 108:1910-1920, 2020.

Abstract

Combining benefits of kernels with Bayesian models, Gaussian process (GP) based approaches have well-documented merits not only in learning over a rich class of nonlinear functions, but also quantifying the associated uncertainty. While most GP approaches rely on a single preselected prior, the present work employs a weighted ensemble of GP priors, each having a unique covariance (kernel) belonging to a prescribed kernel dictionary – which leads to a richer space of learning functions. Leveraging kernel approximants formed by spectral features for scalability, an online interactive ensemble (OI-E) GP framework is developed to jointly learn the sought function, and for the first time select interactively the EGP kernel on-the-fly. Performance of OI-EGP is benchmarked by the best fixed function estimator via regret analysis. Furthermore, the novel OI-EGP is adapted to accommodate dynamic learning functions. Synthetic and real data tests demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v108-lu20d, title = {Ensemble Gaussian Processes with Spectral Features for Online Interactive Learning with Scalability}, author = {Lu, Qin and Karanikolas, Georgios and Shen, Yanning and Giannakis, Georgios B.}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics}, pages = {1910--1920}, year = {2020}, editor = {Silvia Chiappa and Roberto Calandra}, volume = {108}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {26--28 Aug}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/lu20d/lu20d.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/lu20d.html }, abstract = {Combining benefits of kernels with Bayesian models, Gaussian process (GP) based approaches have well-documented merits not only in learning over a rich class of nonlinear functions, but also quantifying the associated uncertainty. While most GP approaches rely on a single preselected prior, the present work employs a weighted ensemble of GP priors, each having a unique covariance (kernel) belonging to a prescribed kernel dictionary – which leads to a richer space of learning functions. Leveraging kernel approximants formed by spectral features for scalability, an online interactive ensemble (OI-E) GP framework is developed to jointly learn the sought function, and for the first time select interactively the EGP kernel on-the-fly. Performance of OI-EGP is benchmarked by the best fixed function estimator via regret analysis. Furthermore, the novel OI-EGP is adapted to accommodate dynamic learning functions. Synthetic and real data tests demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Ensemble Gaussian Processes with Spectral Features for Online Interactive Learning with Scalability %A Qin Lu %A Georgios Karanikolas %A Yanning Shen %A Georgios B. Giannakis %B Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Silvia Chiappa %E Roberto Calandra %F pmlr-v108-lu20d %I PMLR %P 1910--1920 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/lu20d.html %V 108 %X Combining benefits of kernels with Bayesian models, Gaussian process (GP) based approaches have well-documented merits not only in learning over a rich class of nonlinear functions, but also quantifying the associated uncertainty. While most GP approaches rely on a single preselected prior, the present work employs a weighted ensemble of GP priors, each having a unique covariance (kernel) belonging to a prescribed kernel dictionary – which leads to a richer space of learning functions. Leveraging kernel approximants formed by spectral features for scalability, an online interactive ensemble (OI-E) GP framework is developed to jointly learn the sought function, and for the first time select interactively the EGP kernel on-the-fly. Performance of OI-EGP is benchmarked by the best fixed function estimator via regret analysis. Furthermore, the novel OI-EGP is adapted to accommodate dynamic learning functions. Synthetic and real data tests demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.
APA
Lu, Q., Karanikolas, G., Shen, Y. & Giannakis, G.B.. (2020). Ensemble Gaussian Processes with Spectral Features for Online Interactive Learning with Scalability. Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 108:1910-1920 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v108/lu20d.html .

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