A Subspace Learning Approach for High Dimensional Matrix Decomposition with Efficient Column/Row Sampling

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Mostafa Rahmani, Geroge Atia ;
Proceedings of The 33rd International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 48:1206-1214, 2016.

Abstract

This paper presents a new randomized approach to high-dimensional low rank (LR) plus sparse matrix decomposition. For a data matrix D ∈R^N_1 \times N_2, the complexity of conventional decomposition methods is O(N_1 N_2 r), which limits their usefulness in big data settings (r is the rank of the LR component). In addition, the existing randomized approaches rely for the most part on uniform random sampling, which may be inefficient for many real world data matrices. The proposed subspace learning based approach recovers the LR component using only a small subset of the columns/rows of data and reduces complexity to O(\max(N_1,N_2) r^2). Even when the columns/rows are sampled uniformly at random, the sufficient number of sampled columns/rows is shown to be roughly O(r μ), where μis the coherency parameter of the LR component. In addition, efficient sampling algorithms are proposed to address the problem of column/row sampling from structured data.

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