# L1-regularized Neural Networks are Improperly Learnable in Polynomial Time

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Yuchen Zhang,
Jason D. Lee,
Michael I. Jordan
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Proceedings of The 33rd International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 48:993-1001, 2016.

#### Abstract

We study the improper learning of multi-layer neural networks. Suppose that the neural network to be learned has k hidden layers and that the \ell_1-norm of the incoming weights of any neuron is bounded by L. We present a kernel-based method, such that with probability at least 1 - δ, it learns a predictor whose generalization error is at most εworse than that of the neural network. The sample complexity and the time complexity of the presented method are polynomial in the input dimension and in (1/ε,\log(1/δ),F(k,L)), where F(k,L) is a function depending on (k,L) and on the activation function, independent of the number of neurons. The algorithm applies to both sigmoid-like activation functions and ReLU-like activation functions. It implies that any sufficiently sparse neural network is learnable in polynomial time.

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