Tensor vs. Matrix Methods: Robust Tensor Decomposition under Block Sparse Perturbations


Anima Anandkumar, Prateek Jain, Yang Shi, U. N. Niranjan ;
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 51:268-276, 2016.


Robust tensor CP decomposition involves decomposing a tensor into low rank and sparse components. We propose a novel non-convex iterative algorithm with guaranteed recovery. It alternates between low-rank CP decomposition through gradient ascent (a variant of the tensor power method), and hard thresholding of the residual. We prove convergence to the globally optimal solution under natural incoherence conditions on the low rank component, and bounded level of sparse perturbations. We compare our method with natural baselines, which apply robust matrix PCA either to the \em flattened tensor, or to the matrix slices of the tensor. Our method can provably handle a far greater level of perturbation when the sparse tensor is block-structured. This naturally occurs in many applications such as the foreground-background separation task in videos. Our experiments validate these findings. Thus, we establish that tensor methods can tolerate a higher level of gross corruptions compared to matrix methods.

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