Computationally Efficient Bayesian Learning of Gaussian Process State Space Models


Andreas Svensson, Arno Solin, Simo Särkkä, Thomas Schön ;
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 51:213-221, 2016.


Gaussian processes allow for flexible specification of prior assumptions of unknown dynamics in state space models. We present a procedure for efficient Bayesian learning in Gaussian process state space models, where the representation is formed by projecting the problem onto a set of approximate eigenfunctions derived from the prior covariance structure. Learning under this family of models can be conducted using a carefully crafted particle MCMC algorithm. This scheme is computationally efficient and yet allows for a fully Bayesian treatment of the problem. Compared to conventional system identification tools or existing learning methods, we show competitive performance and reliable quantification of uncertainties in the model.

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