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# Testing Bayesian Networks

*Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 65:370-448, 2017.

#### Abstract

This work initiates a systematic investigation of testing \em high-dimensional structured distributions by focusing on testing \em Bayesian networks – the prototypical family of directed graphical models. A Bayesian network is defined by a directed acyclic graph, where we associate a random variable with each node. The value at any particular node is conditionally independent of all the other non-descendant nodes once its parents are fixed. Specifically, we study the properties of identity testing and closeness testing of Bayesian networks. Our main contribution is the first non-trivial efficient testing algorithms for these problems and corresponding information-theoretic lower bounds. For a wide range of parameter settings, our testing algorithms have sample complexity \em sublinear in the dimension and are sample-optimal, up to constant factors.