Input Switched Affine Networks: An RNN Architecture Designed for Interpretability

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Jakob N. Foerster, Justin Gilmer, Jascha Sohl-Dickstein, Jan Chorowski, David Sussillo ;
Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 70:1136-1145, 2017.

Abstract

There exist many problem domains where the interpretability of neural network models is essential for deployment. Here we introduce a recurrent architecture composed of input-switched affine transformations – in other words an RNN without any explicit nonlinearities, but with input-dependent recurrent weights. This simple form allows the RNN to be analyzed via straightforward linear methods: we can exactly characterize the linear contribution of each input to the model predictions; we can use a change-of-basis to disentangle input, output, and computational hidden unit subspaces; we can fully reverse-engineer the architecture’s solution to a simple task. Despite this ease of interpretation, the input switched affine network achieves reasonable performance on a text modeling tasks, and allows greater computational efficiency than networks with standard nonlinearities.

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