Equivalence of Multicategory SVM and Simplex Cone SVM: Fast Computations and Statistical Theory

Guillaume Pouliot
Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 80:4133-4140, 2018.

Abstract

The multicategory SVM (MSVM) of Lee et al. (2004) is a natural generalization of the classical, binary support vector machines (SVM). However, its use has been limited by computational difficulties. The simplex-cone SVM (SCSVM) of Mroueh et al. (2012) is a computationally efficient multicategory classifier, but its use has been limited by a seemingly opaque interpretation. We show that MSVM and SCSVM are in fact exactly equivalent, and provide a bijection between their tuning parameters. MSVM may then be entertained as both a natural and computationally efficient multicategory extension of SVM. We further provide a Donsker theorem for finite-dimensional kernel MSVM and partially answer the open question pertaining to the very competitive performance of One-vs-Rest methods against MSVM. Furthermore, we use the derived asymptotic covariance formula to develop an inverse-variance weighted classification rule which improves on the One-vs-Rest approach.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v80-pouliot18a, title = {Equivalence of Multicategory {SVM} and Simplex Cone {SVM}: Fast Computations and Statistical Theory}, author = {Pouliot, Guillaume}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {4133--4140}, year = {2018}, editor = {Dy, Jennifer and Krause, Andreas}, volume = {80}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {10--15 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v80/pouliot18a/pouliot18a.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v80/pouliot18a.html}, abstract = {The multicategory SVM (MSVM) of Lee et al. (2004) is a natural generalization of the classical, binary support vector machines (SVM). However, its use has been limited by computational difficulties. The simplex-cone SVM (SCSVM) of Mroueh et al. (2012) is a computationally efficient multicategory classifier, but its use has been limited by a seemingly opaque interpretation. We show that MSVM and SCSVM are in fact exactly equivalent, and provide a bijection between their tuning parameters. MSVM may then be entertained as both a natural and computationally efficient multicategory extension of SVM. We further provide a Donsker theorem for finite-dimensional kernel MSVM and partially answer the open question pertaining to the very competitive performance of One-vs-Rest methods against MSVM. Furthermore, we use the derived asymptotic covariance formula to develop an inverse-variance weighted classification rule which improves on the One-vs-Rest approach.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Equivalence of Multicategory SVM and Simplex Cone SVM: Fast Computations and Statistical Theory %A Guillaume Pouliot %B Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2018 %E Jennifer Dy %E Andreas Krause %F pmlr-v80-pouliot18a %I PMLR %P 4133--4140 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v80/pouliot18a.html %V 80 %X The multicategory SVM (MSVM) of Lee et al. (2004) is a natural generalization of the classical, binary support vector machines (SVM). However, its use has been limited by computational difficulties. The simplex-cone SVM (SCSVM) of Mroueh et al. (2012) is a computationally efficient multicategory classifier, but its use has been limited by a seemingly opaque interpretation. We show that MSVM and SCSVM are in fact exactly equivalent, and provide a bijection between their tuning parameters. MSVM may then be entertained as both a natural and computationally efficient multicategory extension of SVM. We further provide a Donsker theorem for finite-dimensional kernel MSVM and partially answer the open question pertaining to the very competitive performance of One-vs-Rest methods against MSVM. Furthermore, we use the derived asymptotic covariance formula to develop an inverse-variance weighted classification rule which improves on the One-vs-Rest approach.
APA
Pouliot, G.. (2018). Equivalence of Multicategory SVM and Simplex Cone SVM: Fast Computations and Statistical Theory. Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 80:4133-4140 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v80/pouliot18a.html.

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