Active Regression via Linear-Sample Sparsification

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Xue Chen, Eric Price ;
Proceedings of the Thirty-Second Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 99:663-695, 2019.

Abstract

We present an approach that improves the sample complexity for a variety of curve fitting problems, including active learning for linear regression, polynomial regression, and continuous sparse Fourier transforms. In the active linear regression problem, one would like to estimate the least squares solution $\beta^*$ minimizing $\|X\beta - y\|_2$ given the entire unlabeled dataset $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times d}$ but only observing a small number of labels $y_i$. We show that $O(d)$ labels suffice to find a constant factor approximation $\widetilde{\beta}$: \[ \mathbb{E}[\|{X} \widetilde{\beta} - y \|_2^2] \leq 2 \mathbb{E}[\|X \beta^* - y\|_2^2]. \]{This} improves on the best previous result of $O(d \log d)$ from leverage score sampling. We also present results for the \emph{inductive} setting, showing when $\widetilde{\beta}$ will generalize to fresh samples; these apply to continuous settings such as polynomial regression. Finally, we show how the techniques yield improved results for the non-linear sparse Fourier transform setting.

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