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# Stochastic Subspace Cubic Newton Method

*Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 119:4027-4038, 2020.

#### Abstract

In this paper, we propose a new randomized second-order optimization algorithm—Stochastic Subspace Cubic Newton (SSCN)—for minimizing a high dimensional convex function $f$. Our method can be seen both as a \emph{stochastic} extension of the cubically-regularized Newton method of Nesterov and Polyak (2006), and a \emph{second-order} enhancement of stochastic subspace descent of Kozak et al. (2019). We prove that as we vary the minibatch size, the global convergence rate of SSCN interpolates between the rate of stochastic coordinate descent (CD) and the rate of cubic regularized Newton, thus giving new insights into the connection between first and second-order methods. Remarkably, the local convergence rate of SSCN matches the rate of stochastic subspace descent applied to the problem of minimizing the quadratic function $\frac12 (x-x^*)^\top \nabla^2f(x^*)(x-x^*)$, where $x^*$ is the minimizer of $f$, and hence depends on the properties of $f$ at the optimum only. Our numerical experiments show that SSCN outperforms non-accelerated first-order CD algorithms while being competitive to their accelerated variants.