On Unbalanced Optimal Transport: An Analysis of Sinkhorn Algorithm

Khiem Pham, Khang Le, Nhat Ho, Tung Pham, Hung Bui
Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 119:7673-7682, 2020.

Abstract

We provide a computational complexity analysis for the Sinkhorn algorithm that solves the entropic regularized Unbalanced Optimal Transport (UOT) problem between two measures of possibly different masses with at most $n$ components. We show that the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for finding an $\varepsilon$-approximate solution to the UOT problem is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/ \varepsilon)$. To the best of our knowledge, this complexity is better than the best known complexity upper bound of the Sinkhorn algorithm for solving the Optimal Transport (OT) problem, which is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/\varepsilon^2)$. Our proof technique is based on the geometric convergence rate of the Sinkhorn updates to the optimal dual solution of the entropic regularized UOT problem and scaling properties of the primal solution. It is also different from the proof technique used to establish the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for approximating the OT problem since the UOT solution does not need to meet the marginal constraints of the measures.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v119-pham20a, title = {On Unbalanced Optimal Transport: An Analysis of {S}inkhorn Algorithm}, author = {Pham, Khiem and Le, Khang and Ho, Nhat and Pham, Tung and Bui, Hung}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {7673--7682}, year = {2020}, editor = {III, Hal Daumé and Singh, Aarti}, volume = {119}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {13--18 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/pham20a/pham20a.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/pham20a.html}, abstract = {We provide a computational complexity analysis for the Sinkhorn algorithm that solves the entropic regularized Unbalanced Optimal Transport (UOT) problem between two measures of possibly different masses with at most $n$ components. We show that the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for finding an $\varepsilon$-approximate solution to the UOT problem is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/ \varepsilon)$. To the best of our knowledge, this complexity is better than the best known complexity upper bound of the Sinkhorn algorithm for solving the Optimal Transport (OT) problem, which is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/\varepsilon^2)$. Our proof technique is based on the geometric convergence rate of the Sinkhorn updates to the optimal dual solution of the entropic regularized UOT problem and scaling properties of the primal solution. It is also different from the proof technique used to establish the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for approximating the OT problem since the UOT solution does not need to meet the marginal constraints of the measures.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T On Unbalanced Optimal Transport: An Analysis of Sinkhorn Algorithm %A Khiem Pham %A Khang Le %A Nhat Ho %A Tung Pham %A Hung Bui %B Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Hal Daumé III %E Aarti Singh %F pmlr-v119-pham20a %I PMLR %P 7673--7682 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/pham20a.html %V 119 %X We provide a computational complexity analysis for the Sinkhorn algorithm that solves the entropic regularized Unbalanced Optimal Transport (UOT) problem between two measures of possibly different masses with at most $n$ components. We show that the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for finding an $\varepsilon$-approximate solution to the UOT problem is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/ \varepsilon)$. To the best of our knowledge, this complexity is better than the best known complexity upper bound of the Sinkhorn algorithm for solving the Optimal Transport (OT) problem, which is of order $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(n^2/\varepsilon^2)$. Our proof technique is based on the geometric convergence rate of the Sinkhorn updates to the optimal dual solution of the entropic regularized UOT problem and scaling properties of the primal solution. It is also different from the proof technique used to establish the complexity of the Sinkhorn algorithm for approximating the OT problem since the UOT solution does not need to meet the marginal constraints of the measures.
APA
Pham, K., Le, K., Ho, N., Pham, T. & Bui, H.. (2020). On Unbalanced Optimal Transport: An Analysis of Sinkhorn Algorithm. Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 119:7673-7682 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/pham20a.html.

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