Loss Function Search for Face Recognition

Xiaobo Wang, Shuo Wang, Cheng Chi, Shifeng Zhang, Tao Mei
Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 119:10029-10038, 2020.

Abstract

In face recognition, designing margin-based (\emph{e.g.}, angular, additive, additive angular margins) softmax loss functions plays an important role to learn discriminative features. However, these hand-crafted heuristic methods may be sub-optimal because they require much effort to explore the large design space. Recently, an AutoML for loss function search method AM-LFS has been derived, which leverages reinforcement learning to search loss functions during the training process. But its search space is complex and unstable that hindering its superiority. In this paper, we first analyze that the key to enhance the feature discrimination is actually \textbf{how to reduce the softmax probability}. We then design a unified formulation for the current margin-based softmax losses. Accordingly, we define a novel search space and develop a reward-guided search method to automatically obtain the best candidate. Experimental results on a variety of face recognition benchmarks have demonstrated the effectiveness of our method over the state-of-the-art alternatives.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v119-wang20t, title = {Loss Function Search for Face Recognition}, author = {Wang, Xiaobo and Wang, Shuo and Chi, Cheng and Zhang, Shifeng and Mei, Tao}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {10029--10038}, year = {2020}, editor = {III, Hal Daumé and Singh, Aarti}, volume = {119}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {13--18 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/wang20t/wang20t.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/wang20t.html}, abstract = {In face recognition, designing margin-based (\emph{e.g.}, angular, additive, additive angular margins) softmax loss functions plays an important role to learn discriminative features. However, these hand-crafted heuristic methods may be sub-optimal because they require much effort to explore the large design space. Recently, an AutoML for loss function search method AM-LFS has been derived, which leverages reinforcement learning to search loss functions during the training process. But its search space is complex and unstable that hindering its superiority. In this paper, we first analyze that the key to enhance the feature discrimination is actually \textbf{how to reduce the softmax probability}. We then design a unified formulation for the current margin-based softmax losses. Accordingly, we define a novel search space and develop a reward-guided search method to automatically obtain the best candidate. Experimental results on a variety of face recognition benchmarks have demonstrated the effectiveness of our method over the state-of-the-art alternatives.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Loss Function Search for Face Recognition %A Xiaobo Wang %A Shuo Wang %A Cheng Chi %A Shifeng Zhang %A Tao Mei %B Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Hal Daumé III %E Aarti Singh %F pmlr-v119-wang20t %I PMLR %P 10029--10038 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/wang20t.html %V 119 %X In face recognition, designing margin-based (\emph{e.g.}, angular, additive, additive angular margins) softmax loss functions plays an important role to learn discriminative features. However, these hand-crafted heuristic methods may be sub-optimal because they require much effort to explore the large design space. Recently, an AutoML for loss function search method AM-LFS has been derived, which leverages reinforcement learning to search loss functions during the training process. But its search space is complex and unstable that hindering its superiority. In this paper, we first analyze that the key to enhance the feature discrimination is actually \textbf{how to reduce the softmax probability}. We then design a unified formulation for the current margin-based softmax losses. Accordingly, we define a novel search space and develop a reward-guided search method to automatically obtain the best candidate. Experimental results on a variety of face recognition benchmarks have demonstrated the effectiveness of our method over the state-of-the-art alternatives.
APA
Wang, X., Wang, S., Chi, C., Zhang, S. & Mei, T.. (2020). Loss Function Search for Face Recognition. Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 119:10029-10038 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/wang20t.html.

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