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# Improved Complexity Bounds in Wasserstein Barycenter Problem

*Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 130:1738-1746, 2021.

#### Abstract

In this paper, we focus on computational aspects of the Wasserstein barycenter problem. We propose two algorithms to compute Wasserstein barycenters of $m$ discrete measures of size $n$ with accuracy $\e$. The first algorithm, based on mirror prox with a specific norm, meets the complexity of celebrated accelerated iterative Bregman projections (IBP), namely $\widetilde O(mn^2\sqrt n/\e)$, however, with no limitations in contrast to the (accelerated) IBP, which is numerically unstable under small regularization parameter. The second algorithm, based on area-convexity and dual extrapolation, improves the previously best-known convergence rates for the Wasserstein barycenter problem enjoying $\widetilde O(mn^2/\e)$ complexity.