Learning Noise Transition Matrix from Only Noisy Labels via Total Variation Regularization

Yivan Zhang, Gang Niu, Masashi Sugiyama
Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 139:12501-12512, 2021.

Abstract

Many weakly supervised classification methods employ a noise transition matrix to capture the class-conditional label corruption. To estimate the transition matrix from noisy data, existing methods often need to estimate the noisy class-posterior, which could be unreliable due to the overconfidence of neural networks. In this work, we propose a theoretically grounded method that can estimate the noise transition matrix and learn a classifier simultaneously, without relying on the error-prone noisy class-posterior estimation. Concretely, inspired by the characteristics of the stochastic label corruption process, we propose total variation regularization, which encourages the predicted probabilities to be more distinguishable from each other. Under mild assumptions, the proposed method yields a consistent estimator of the transition matrix. We show the effectiveness of the proposed method through experiments on benchmark and real-world datasets.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v139-zhang21n, title = {Learning Noise Transition Matrix from Only Noisy Labels via Total Variation Regularization}, author = {Zhang, Yivan and Niu, Gang and Sugiyama, Masashi}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {12501--12512}, year = {2021}, editor = {Meila, Marina and Zhang, Tong}, volume = {139}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {18--24 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v139/zhang21n/zhang21n.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v139/zhang21n.html}, abstract = {Many weakly supervised classification methods employ a noise transition matrix to capture the class-conditional label corruption. To estimate the transition matrix from noisy data, existing methods often need to estimate the noisy class-posterior, which could be unreliable due to the overconfidence of neural networks. In this work, we propose a theoretically grounded method that can estimate the noise transition matrix and learn a classifier simultaneously, without relying on the error-prone noisy class-posterior estimation. Concretely, inspired by the characteristics of the stochastic label corruption process, we propose total variation regularization, which encourages the predicted probabilities to be more distinguishable from each other. Under mild assumptions, the proposed method yields a consistent estimator of the transition matrix. We show the effectiveness of the proposed method through experiments on benchmark and real-world datasets.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Learning Noise Transition Matrix from Only Noisy Labels via Total Variation Regularization %A Yivan Zhang %A Gang Niu %A Masashi Sugiyama %B Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2021 %E Marina Meila %E Tong Zhang %F pmlr-v139-zhang21n %I PMLR %P 12501--12512 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v139/zhang21n.html %V 139 %X Many weakly supervised classification methods employ a noise transition matrix to capture the class-conditional label corruption. To estimate the transition matrix from noisy data, existing methods often need to estimate the noisy class-posterior, which could be unreliable due to the overconfidence of neural networks. In this work, we propose a theoretically grounded method that can estimate the noise transition matrix and learn a classifier simultaneously, without relying on the error-prone noisy class-posterior estimation. Concretely, inspired by the characteristics of the stochastic label corruption process, we propose total variation regularization, which encourages the predicted probabilities to be more distinguishable from each other. Under mild assumptions, the proposed method yields a consistent estimator of the transition matrix. We show the effectiveness of the proposed method through experiments on benchmark and real-world datasets.
APA
Zhang, Y., Niu, G. & Sugiyama, M.. (2021). Learning Noise Transition Matrix from Only Noisy Labels via Total Variation Regularization. Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 139:12501-12512 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v139/zhang21n.html.

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