Learning Predictive Models for Ergonomic Control of Prosthetic Devices
Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Robot Learning, PMLR 155:2268-2278, 2021.
We present Model-Predictive Interaction Primitives – a robot learning framework for assistive motion in human-machine collaboration tasks which explicitly accounts for biomechanical impact on the human musculoskeletal system. First, we extend Interaction Primitives to enable predictive biomechanics: the prediction of future biomechanical states of a human partner conditioned on current observations and intended robot control signals. In turn, we leverage this capability within a model-predictive control strategy to identify the future ergonomic and biomechanical ramifications of potential robot actions. Optimal control trajectories are selected so as to minimize future physical impact on the human musculoskeletal system. We empirically demonstrate that our approach minimizes knee or muscle forces via generated control actions selected according to biomechanical cost functions. Experiments are performed in synthetic and real-world experiments involving powered prosthetic devices.