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# On the Existence of a Complexity in Fixed Budget Bandit Identification

*Proceedings of Thirty Sixth Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 195:1131-1154, 2023.

#### Abstract

In fixed budget bandit identification, an algorithm sequentially observes samples from several distributions up to a given final time.It then answers a query about the set of distributions. A good algorithm will have a small probability of error.While that probability decreases exponentially with the final time, the best attainable rate is not known precisely for most identification tasks.We show that if a fixed budget task admits a complexity, defined as a lower bound on the probability of error which is attained by the same algorithm on all bandit problems, then that complexity is determined by the best non-adaptive sampling procedure for that problem.We show that there is no such complexity for several fixed budget identification tasks including Bernoulli best arm identification with two arms: there is no single algorithm that attains everywhere the best possible rate.