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# Lipschitz constant estimation for 1D convolutional neural networks

*Proceedings of The 5th Annual Learning for Dynamics and Control Conference*, PMLR 211:1321-1332, 2023.

#### Abstract

In this work, we propose a dissipativity-based method for Lipschitz constant estimation of 1D convolutional neural networks (CNNs). In particular, we analyze the dissipativity properties of convolutional, pooling, and fully connected layers making use of incremental quadratic constraints for nonlinear activation functions and pooling operations. The Lipschitz constant of the concatenation of these mappings is then estimated by solving a semidefinite program which we derive from dissipativity theory. To make our method as efficient as possible, we exploit the structure of convolutional layers by realizing these finite impulse response filters as causal dynamical systems in state space and carrying out the dissipativity analysis for the state space realizations. The examples we provide show that our Lipschitz bounds are advantageous in terms of accuracy and scalability.