ReLU Neural Networks, Polyhedral Decompositions, and Persistent Homology
Proceedings of 2nd Annual Workshop on Topology, Algebra, and Geometry in Machine Learning (TAG-ML), PMLR 221:455-468, 2023.
A ReLU neural network leads to a finite polyhedral decomposition of input space and a corresponding finite dual graph. We show that while this dual graph is a coarse quantization of input space, it is sufficiently robust that it can be combined with persistent homology to detect homological signals of manifolds in the input space from samples. This property holds for a wide range of networks trained for a wide range of purposes that have nothing to do with this topological application. We found this feature to be surprising and interesting; we hope it will also be useful.