Scalable Semidefinite Relaxation for Maximum A Posterior Estimation

Qixing Huang, Yuxin Chen, Leonidas Guibas
; Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 32(2):64-72, 2014.

Abstract

Maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference over discrete Markov random fields is a central task spanning a wide spectrum of real-world applications but known to be NP-hard for general graphs. In this paper, we propose a novel semidefinite relaxation formulation (referred to as SDR) to estimate the MAP assignment. Algorithmically, we develop an accelerated variant of the alternating direction method of multipliers (referred to as SDPAD-LR) that can effectively exploit the special structure of SDR. Encouragingly, the proposed procedure allows solving SDR for large-scale problems, e.g. problems comprising hundreds of thousands of variables with multiple states on a grid graph. Compared with prior SDP solvers, SDPAD-LR is capable of attaining comparable accuracy while exhibiting remarkably improved scalability. This contradicts the commonly held belief that semidefinite relaxation can only been applied on small-scale problems. We have evaluated the performance of SDR on various benchmark datasets including OPENGM2 and PIC. Experimental results demonstrate that for a broad class of problems, SDPAD-LR outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms in producing better MAP assignments.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v32-huang14, title = {Scalable Semidefinite Relaxation for Maximum A Posterior Estimation}, author = {Qixing Huang and Yuxin Chen and Leonidas Guibas}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {64--72}, year = {2014}, editor = {Eric P. Xing and Tony Jebara}, volume = {32}, number = {2}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, address = {Bejing, China}, month = {22--24 Jun}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v32/huang14.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v32/huang14.html}, abstract = {Maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference over discrete Markov random fields is a central task spanning a wide spectrum of real-world applications but known to be NP-hard for general graphs. In this paper, we propose a novel semidefinite relaxation formulation (referred to as SDR) to estimate the MAP assignment. Algorithmically, we develop an accelerated variant of the alternating direction method of multipliers (referred to as SDPAD-LR) that can effectively exploit the special structure of SDR. Encouragingly, the proposed procedure allows solving SDR for large-scale problems, e.g. problems comprising hundreds of thousands of variables with multiple states on a grid graph. Compared with prior SDP solvers, SDPAD-LR is capable of attaining comparable accuracy while exhibiting remarkably improved scalability. This contradicts the commonly held belief that semidefinite relaxation can only been applied on small-scale problems. We have evaluated the performance of SDR on various benchmark datasets including OPENGM2 and PIC. Experimental results demonstrate that for a broad class of problems, SDPAD-LR outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms in producing better MAP assignments.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Scalable Semidefinite Relaxation for Maximum A Posterior Estimation %A Qixing Huang %A Yuxin Chen %A Leonidas Guibas %B Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2014 %E Eric P. Xing %E Tony Jebara %F pmlr-v32-huang14 %I PMLR %J Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %P 64--72 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press %V 32 %N 2 %W PMLR %X Maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference over discrete Markov random fields is a central task spanning a wide spectrum of real-world applications but known to be NP-hard for general graphs. In this paper, we propose a novel semidefinite relaxation formulation (referred to as SDR) to estimate the MAP assignment. Algorithmically, we develop an accelerated variant of the alternating direction method of multipliers (referred to as SDPAD-LR) that can effectively exploit the special structure of SDR. Encouragingly, the proposed procedure allows solving SDR for large-scale problems, e.g. problems comprising hundreds of thousands of variables with multiple states on a grid graph. Compared with prior SDP solvers, SDPAD-LR is capable of attaining comparable accuracy while exhibiting remarkably improved scalability. This contradicts the commonly held belief that semidefinite relaxation can only been applied on small-scale problems. We have evaluated the performance of SDR on various benchmark datasets including OPENGM2 and PIC. Experimental results demonstrate that for a broad class of problems, SDPAD-LR outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms in producing better MAP assignments.
RIS
TY - CPAPER TI - Scalable Semidefinite Relaxation for Maximum A Posterior Estimation AU - Qixing Huang AU - Yuxin Chen AU - Leonidas Guibas BT - Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Machine Learning PY - 2014/01/27 DA - 2014/01/27 ED - Eric P. Xing ED - Tony Jebara ID - pmlr-v32-huang14 PB - PMLR SP - 64 DP - PMLR EP - 72 L1 - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v32/huang14.pdf UR - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v32/huang14.html AB - Maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference over discrete Markov random fields is a central task spanning a wide spectrum of real-world applications but known to be NP-hard for general graphs. In this paper, we propose a novel semidefinite relaxation formulation (referred to as SDR) to estimate the MAP assignment. Algorithmically, we develop an accelerated variant of the alternating direction method of multipliers (referred to as SDPAD-LR) that can effectively exploit the special structure of SDR. Encouragingly, the proposed procedure allows solving SDR for large-scale problems, e.g. problems comprising hundreds of thousands of variables with multiple states on a grid graph. Compared with prior SDP solvers, SDPAD-LR is capable of attaining comparable accuracy while exhibiting remarkably improved scalability. This contradicts the commonly held belief that semidefinite relaxation can only been applied on small-scale problems. We have evaluated the performance of SDR on various benchmark datasets including OPENGM2 and PIC. Experimental results demonstrate that for a broad class of problems, SDPAD-LR outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms in producing better MAP assignments. ER -
APA
Huang, Q., Chen, Y. & Guibas, L.. (2014). Scalable Semidefinite Relaxation for Maximum A Posterior Estimation. Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Machine Learning, in PMLR 32(2):64-72

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