The Log-Shift Penalty for Adaptive Estimation of Multiple Gaussian Graphical Models
Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 38:1153-1161, 2015.
Sparse Gaussian graphical models characterize sparse dependence relationships between random variables in a network. To estimate multiple related Gaussian graphical models on the same set of variables, we formulate a hierarchical model, which leads to an optimization problem with a nonconvex log-shift penalty function. We show that under mild conditions the optimization problem is convex despite the inclusion of a nonconvex penalty, and derive an efficient optimization algorithm. Experiments on both synthetic and real data show that the proposed method is able to achieve good selection and estimation performance simultaneously, because the nonconvexity of the log-shift penalty allows for weak signals to be thresholded to zero without excessive shrinkage on the strong signals.